Agate: Agate it a fine-grained chalcedony quartz. Ancient cultures who used it in amulets and
talismans, believed that it provided the wearer with a bold heart and pleasant dreams. Victorians
used it to create beautiful cameos. It is said to enhance one's perceptiveness and to stimulate
analytical capacity. Not a traditional birthstone for any month.
Amethyst: Amethyst has long been prized as an ornament and amulet. It is said that amethyst
gems keep their wearers clear-headed and quick-witted in business affairs. Fine amethyst adorns the
fingers of bishops and the coronation regalia of British royalty. Russia and South America are the
major source of Amethyst. It is the birthstone for the month of February.
Aquamarine: Aquamarine’s cool blue hues are reflected in its name, which comes from “Sea
Water.”It is said to promise the virtues of insight and foresight to the gem’s wearers. It is said to be a
stone of courage and serenity. Brazil it the major source of Aquamarine. It is the birthstone for the
month of March.
Carnelian: Carnelian is a semitransparent to translucent variety of Chalcedony. It is said to aid in
understanding the inner self and strengthens concentration. It is also said to balances creative and
organization abilities. It is the birthstone for the month of August.
Chalcedony: Chalcedony is one of the world’s oldest, most abundant, and most popular gems.
It is said to foster balance between mind, body and spirit. It is a stone of calm and peace that
reduces or negates hostility, anger, and irritation. It is fairly affordable, and comes in an
incredibly wide range of colours and patterns.
Citrine: Citrine, a quartz variety, is the top selling transparent gem in the yellow to orange colour
range. Most citrine is faceted in traditional rounds and fancy shapes. Many designers use it in
combination with diamonds. Citrine is believed to dissipate negative energy and emits a warm
energy that promotes optimism. It is one of the birthstones for November besides Topaz.
Coral: For years, Coral has been considered as a product of the sea with magical powers. It is still
worn as protection against the “evil eye” and as a cure for sterility. It is believed to bring peace to
within itself and facilitates intuition, imagination and visualization. The most prized quality of coral
came from the Mediterranean Sea.
Emerald: Emerald’s lush green colour, soothe souls and excites imagination. Earlier Emerald was
believed to restore eyes by looking at the emerald. Cleopatra was known to have a passion for
emerald, and used it in her royal adornments. It is known to have the power to make its wearer
more intelligent and quick-witted. It is the perfect choice of a birthstone for the month of May.
Jade: Jade comes in two varieties: Jadeite and Nephrite. It comes in wide range of attractive
colours: green, yellow, reddish orange, white, gray, black, brown and lavender is often streaked or
mottled giving an interesting visual texture. Jade sometimes used in medicinal purpose as well as for
jewelry, ornaments and religious artefacts. Jadeite symbolizes prosperity, success and good luck.
Nephrite is believed to bring clarity in mind and purify the spirit. It is a mystical birthstone for the
month of March.
Lapis Lazuli: Lapis has been highly valued for many thousand years. It is typically opaque and its
colours are medium to dark greenish “navy” blue, pure “royal” blue or violetish “midnight” blue. It
was considered as an emblem of chastity and a cure for sadness. It was also thought to offer
protection from evil. It is mined from Afghanistan, Chile and Russia.
Malachite: Malachite is an opaque gem with a strong bluish green to green colour. It was found
along with copper in early civilizations. It was believed to use by the people in Europe to assure
peaceful sleep for their children and protect them from witchcraft. With proper handling, malachite
can provide years of pleasure for its wearer.
Onyx: Onyx was very popular with the ancient Greeks and Romans. Onyx usually comes in black
and white, however commercially available today is colour enhanced (heated and dyed) to increase
its depth of colour. It is said to increase regeneration, happiness, intuition and one’s instincts. It is
accepted as Birthstone for August besides Peridot.
Pearl: Pearls, the best-loved gems of all time, are treasures from Earth’s stream, rivers, lakes, seas
and ocean. In china, Pearls were believed to guarantee protection from fire and fire-breathing
dragons. In Europe, they symbolized modesty, chastity and purity. It is a birthstone for June.
Peridot: Peridot has always been associated with light. The Egyptians called it the “gem of the
sun.” It was also believed to protect its owner from “terrors of the night”. It is usually transparent;
colour varies from yellowish green to greenish yellow. It is said to bring patience, confidence and
assertiveness. It is the birthstone for the month of August.
Rose Quartz: Rose Quartz is a lovely quartz variety that typically ranges in colour from very light
to medium dark pink. Often called the “Love stone” or the “Heart stone”, it is a gem of unconditional
love that opens oneself to all forms of love, self love, family love, platonic love, romantic love. It is
said to bring gentleness, kindness, compassion and forgiveness.
Ruby: Ruby has enjoyed a most regal position in myth and lore for thousands of years. In India,
Ruby is known as “King of Gems”. People in India believed that rubies enabled their owners to live in
peace with their enemies. It is known to guarantee health, wealth, wisdom, and success in love.
Large, fine-quality rubies are extremely rare and valuable. It is the birthstone for the month of July.
Sapphire: For centuries, sapphire has been associated with royalty and romance. In ancient times,
kings and queens were convinced that blue sapphires protected their owners from envy and harm.
Historically, sapphire has always been associated with colour blue. Not all sapphires are blue. Fancy
sapphires come in violet, green, yellow, orange, pink, purple etc. It is the birthstone for the month
Smoky Quartz: Smoky Quartz is a transparent gem whose colour varies from light to dark
brown. It is said to be grounding and stabilizing stone which brings calmness. Its colour makes it a
good choice as a gemstone accent for warm yellow and orange wardrobe colours.
Tiger’s Eye: Tiger’s eye, varying from translucent to opaque, comes in warm earth tones that
includes brown, brownish yellow, and reddish brown. It has a wavy appearance rather than a sharp
look. It is a frequent choice for men’s jewellery. It is said to increase wealth and vitality. It is also
believed to enhance courage, bring passion and physical strength.
Topaz: Topaz is believed to have its origin from Sanskrit word topas or tapaz, meaning “fire.”
Ancient Greeks believed that Topaz gave them strength. People in India believe that topaz worn
above the heart assures long life, beauty and intelligence. Topaz comes in various tones and
saturation of blue, green, yellow, orange, red, pink and purple. It is the birthstone for the month of
Turquoise: Turquoise is one of the world’s most ancient gems. It can be translucent to opaque
with colour ranges from light to medium blue or greenish blue. It might also have veins of matrix
running through it. It is said to bring good luck if given, not purchased. It is a protective stone. It is
the birthstone for the month of December.